• Semantics
  • Download E-books The Continuum Companion to Historical Linguistics (Bloomsbury Companions) PDF

    Originally released because the Continuum significant other to historic Linguistics, this booklet brings jointly a couple of top students who offer a mix of alternative methods to present and new concerns in old linguistics, whereas offering an exhaustive and updated assurance of sub-fields frequently considered as crucial to ancient linguistics examine. The editors target to construct an exceptional heritage for extra dialogue and to point instructions for brand spanking new study on appropriate open questions.

    The e-book comprises insurance of key phrases, a listing of assets, and sections on:

    • heritage of research

    • methodology

    • phonology

    • morphology

    • grammatical categories

    • syntax

    • grammaticalization

    • semantics

    • etymology

    • language contact

    • sociolinguistics

    • explanations of language change

    It is a whole source for researchers engaged on historic linguistics.

    Show description

  • Semantics
  • Download E-books Bantu Historical Linguistics: Theoretical and Empirical Perspectives (Center for the Study of Language and Information - Lecture Notes) PDF

    This assortment brings jointly many of the world's major Bantuists, in addition to essentially the most promising more youthful students attracted to the historical past, comparability, and outline of Bantu languages. The Bantu languages, numbering as many as 500, were on the heart of state of the art theoretical learn in phonology, morphology, syntax and semantics. along with the problems of category and inner sub-grouping, this quantity treats ancient and comparative points of the various major typological gains for which this language crew is understood: vowel top concord, noun sessions, intricate tense-aspect platforms, and so on. the result's a compilation that offers the main updated figuring out of those and different concerns that may be of curiosity not just to Bantuists and ancient linguists, but in addition to these attracted to the phonological, morphological and semantic matters bobbing up inside those hugely agglutinative Bantu languages.

    Show description

  • Semantics
  • Download E-books Corpus Stylistics in Principles and Practice: A Stylistic Exploration of John Fowles' The Magus (Advances in Stylistics) PDF

    By Yufang Ho

    In this e-book, Yufang Ho compares the textual content type distinction among the 2 models of John Fowles' The Magus, exemplifying the methodological ideas and analytic practices of the corpus stylistic approach.

    The Magus was first released in 1966 and used to be revised and republished by means of Fowles in 1977. Fowles' personal touch upon the second one version was once that it was once 'rather greater than a stylistic revision.' The publication explores how the revised model is linguistically diverse from the unique, particularly when it comes to viewpoint (re) illustration. The corpus stylistic technique followed combines qualitative and quantitative comparability to verify the final textual content kind distinction. The research demonstrates that desktop assisted tools can establish major linguistic positive factors which literary critics haven't spotted and supply a extra unique descriptive foundation for literary interpretation of (either variation) of the radical. This research of The Magus serves as a case learn and exemplar of the way corpus suggestions can be used mostly within the examine of linguistics.

    Show description

  • Semantics
  • Download E-books The Origins of Meaning (Oxford Studies in the Evolution of Language) PDF

    By James R. Hurford

    During this, the 1st of 2 ground-breaking volumes at the nature of language within the mild of ways it advanced, James Hurford seems at how the realm first got here to have a that means within the minds of animals and the way in people this that means finally got here to be expressed as language. He studies a mass of facts to teach how shut a few animals, specifically primates and extra particularly apes, are to the threshold of human language. Apes won't check with us yet they build wealthy cognitive representations of the area round them, and the following, he exhibits, are the evolutionary seeds of summary concept - the technique of touching on gadgets, the reminiscence of occasions, even components of the propositional pondering philosophers have hitherto reserved for people. What then, he asks, is the evolutionary course among the non-speaking minds of apes and our personal conversing minds? Why do not apes speak the richness in their concepts to one another? Why do people by myself have a distinct disposition to bare their innovations in complicated element? Professor Hurford searches a variety of proof for the solutions to those crucial questions, together with levels of belief, the function of hormones, the facility to learn minds, and the willingness to cooperate.

    Expressing himself congenially in continually colloquial language the writer builds up a shiny photograph of ways brain, language, and that means developed over hundreds of thousands of years. His ebook is a landmark contribution to the knowledge of linguistic and pondering approaches, and the fullest account but released of the evolution of language and communication.

    "A superb learn - lucid, informative, and exciting, whereas while by no means speaking all the way down to the reader by way of sacrificing argumentation for the sake of 'simplicity'. prone to be heralded because the significant ebook facing language evolution up to now. Frederick J. Newmeyer, University of Washington

    Show description

  • Semantics
  • Download E-books Lexical Semantics and Knowledge Representation in Multilingual Text Generation (The Springer International Series in Engineering and Computer Science) PDF

    By Manfred Stede

    In knowledge-based ordinary language new release, problems with formal wisdom illustration meet with the linguistic difficulties of making a choice on the main applicable verbalization in a specific state of affairs of utterance. Lexical Semantics and information illustration in Multilingual textual content Generation provides a brand new method of systematically linking the geographical regions of lexical semantics and data represented in an outline common sense. For language new release from such summary representations, lexicalization is taken because the valuable step: while picking phrases that hide a few of the components of the content material illustration, the vital judgements on conveying the meant that means are made. A choice mechanism is used to build the utterance that's most sensible adapted to parameters representing the context.
    Lexical Semantics and data illustration in Multilingual Text Generation develops the capacity for systematically deriving a suite of paraphrases from an identical underlying illustration with the emphasis on occasions and verb which means. in addition, an identical mapping mechanism is used to accomplish multilingual new release: English and German output are produced in parallel, at the foundation of an enough department among language-neutral and language-specific (lexical and grammatical) wisdom.
    Lexical Semantics and data illustration in Multilingual Text Generation presents certain insights into designing the representations and organizing the new release strategy. Readers with a history in man made intelligence, cognitive technology, wisdom illustration, linguistics, or common language processing will locate a version of language construction that may be tailored to various reasons.

    Show description

  • Semantics
  • Download E-books Semantics of Specification Languages (SoSL): Proceedings of the International Workshop on Semantics of Specification Languages, Utrecht, The Netherlands, 25 – 27 October 1993 PDF

    By Stephen Brien (auth.), D. J. Andrews, J. F. Groote, C. A. Middelburg (eds.)

    SoSL used to be the 1st foreign Workshop on Semantics of Specification Languages, held from 25-27 October 1993 in Utrecht, the Netherlands. The workshop used to be geared up by means of the dept of Philosophy of Utrecht college with monetary aid from the Nationale Faciliteit Informatica of the Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek (NWO), and lower than the auspices of the British desktop Society'S expert staff in Formal elements of Computing technology (BCS FACS). the worry of the workshop used to be the semantics of specification languages, and the problems heavily regarding this sector, reminiscent of variety checking and the justification of facts ideas and evidence tasks. Its goal used to be the trade of difficulties and ideas during this box of formal equipment, and the id of universal courses of labor for additional research. this system of SoSL consisted of three invited lectures offering the advancements of the semantics of three significant specification languages. in addition, there have been sixteen shows of submitted papers. This quantity presents an instantaneous account of the workshop. It includes three papers that fit the invited lectures and the sixteen chosen papers. The editors are looking to thank all those that have contributed to the workshop; this system Committee and the referees for choosing the contributed papers, the invited audio system for his or her attention-grabbing talks, the Organizing Committee for all their efforts, and naturally the contributors. now we have the sensation that the workshop was once valuable and will be repeated.

    Show description

  • Semantics
  • Download E-books Information Structure and Sentence Form: Topic, Focus, and the Mental Representations of Discourse Referents (Cambridge Studies in Linguistics) PDF

    By Knud Lambrecht

    Why do audio system of all languages use assorted grammatical buildings less than diverse communicative situations to specific an analogous inspiration? Professor Lambrecht explores the connection among the constitution of the sentence and the linguistic and extra-linguistic context during which it's used. His research is predicated at the statement that the constitution of a sentence displays a speaker's assumption concerning the hearer's country of information and realization on the time of the utterance. This courting among speaker assumptions and formal sentence constitution is ruled through principles and conventions of grammar, in an element referred to as 'information structure'. 4 autonomous yet interrelated different types are analysed: presupposition and statement, identifiability and activation, subject, and concentration.

    Show description

  • Semantics
  • Download E-books Discourse and the Continuity of Reference: Representing Mental Categorization PDF

    By Cornelia Zelinsky-Wibbelt

    This e-book bargains an interdisciplinary account of reference and categorization in the framework of cognitive linguistics. valuable matters are the excellence among lexical vagueness and polysemy in addition to the construction of recent meanings in English and German. Polysemy is resolved by means of a computational implementation in a machine-translation process.

    Show description

  • Semantics
  • Download E-books Computing Meaning: Volume 3 (Studies in Linguistics and Philosophy) PDF

    This e-book offers an in-depth view of the present matters, difficulties and techniques within the computation of that means as expressed in language. aimed toward linguists, laptop scientists, and logicians with an curiosity within the computation of which means, this booklet specializes in major themes in fresh examine in computational semantics. the 1st subject is the definition and use of underspecified semantic representations, i.e. formal buildings that signify a part of the that means of a linguistic item whereas leaving different elements unspecified. the second one subject mentioned is semantic annotation. Annotated corpora became an quintessential source either for linguists and for builders of language and speech expertise, specifically whilst utilized in mix with laptop studying tools. The annotation in corpora has purely marginally addressed semantic info, even if, considering semantic annotation methodologies are nonetheless of their infancy. This publication discusses the improvement and alertness of such methodologies.

    Show description

  • Semantics
  • Download E-books The Present Perfective Paradox across Languages (Oxford Studies of Time in Language and Thought) PDF

    This e-book offers an research of the way audio system of typologically different languages file present-time events. It starts off from the belief that there's a limit at the use of the current annoying to record present-time dynamic/perfective events, whereas with stative/imperfective occasions there aren't any such alignment difficulties. Astrid De Wit brings jointly cross-linguistic observations from English, French, the English-based creole language Sranan, and numerous Slavic languages, and relates them to a similar phenomenon, the 'present perfective paradox'. The proposed research is based at the assumption that there's an epistemic alignment constraint combating the id and reporting of occasions of their entirety on the time of talking. This e-book discusses a number of the techniques that the aforementioned languages have built to solve this conceptual hassle, and demonstrates that the various positive aspects in their tense-aspect structures should be considered as the results of this clash answer. It additionally deals cognitively believable factors for the conceptual constructions underlying the interactions attested among demanding and aspect.

    Show description