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  • Download E-books Nature, Nurture and Chance: The Lives of Frank and Charles Fenner PDF

    Judging by way of the numbers of newspaper experiences, biographies (including autobiographies) are among the commonest literary works released nowadays. although, it really is unusual to discover one publication that mixes a biography and an autobiography, as this publication, Nature, Nurture and likelihood: The Lives of Frank and Charles Fenner, does. because the writer, Frank Fenner, sees it, 'nature' potential the mix of genes that we inherit from our mom and dad; 'nurture' capacity the way in which that our actual and social atmosphere, specially in the course of formative years, impression our psychological and emotional features; and probability is outlined as 'the method issues fall out'. those 3 components outline the careers of all humans. the writer makes use of them to check his father's existence and his personal.

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  • Download E-books Of Men and Numbers: The Story of the Great Mathematicians PDF

    By Jane Muir

    Of males and Numbers, first released in 1963, is an engaging examine the lives and works of history's maximum mathematicians. starting with the early Egyptians and Greeks equivalent to Pythagoras, Euclid and Archimedes, writer Jane Muir then describes, in non-technical phrases, the discoveries and private tales of math greats equivalent to Descartes, Pascal, and Newton, and keeps with the real paintings of newer mathematicians reminiscent of Nicholas Lobatchevsky, Évariste Galois, and Georg Cantor. Illustrated all through with line drawings and figures.

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  • Download E-books The Making of a Scientist: A Memoir PDF

    The Making of a Scientist is Calvin Fuller’s tale of his early life, schooling, and clinical profession within the maximum examine laboratory of the postwar period. whilst, after his demise, his sons stumbled on their father’s memoir between his papers, they determined to percentage its wealthy cultural background of early 20th-century Chicago and its documentation of the construction of the sunlight mobile at Bell mobile Laboratories. Dr. Fuller’s success is the entire extra extraordinary simply because he grew up in a relations beset with monetary instability. The Making of a Scientist is, peculiarly, an inspiring tale of creating it in the United States.

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  • Download E-books Great Feuds in Science: Ten of the Liveliest Disputes Ever PDF

    By Hal Hellman

    The dramatic tales of ten old feuds: How they altered the process discovery-and formed the trendy world
    Hall Hellman tells the full of life tales of ten of the main outrageous and interesting disputes from the 17th to the 20 th centuries. Bringing the cataclysmic conflict of rules and personalities to colourful lifestyles, Hellman explores either the technology and the spirit of the days. alongside the best way, he unearths that clinical feuds are fueled not just by way of the purest of highbrow disagreements, but additionally by means of intransigence, ambition, jealousy, politics, religion, and the impossible to resist human urge to be right.
    Unusual perception into the advance of technology . . . i used to be concerned about this ebook and enthusiastically suggest it to normal in addition to clinical audiences. -American Scientist
    Hellman has assembled a chain of enjoyable stories. . . . many wonderful examples of heady invective with no parallel in our time. -Nature
    An pleasing and informative account of the bizarre personalities and occasionally sour rivalries of a few of the world's maximum medical minds. -Publishers Weekly
    A attention-grabbing new e-book which info essentially the most well-known disputes of the ages.-Courier Mail
    Dry technological know-how heritage becomes pleasing analyzing with no sacrificing old accuracy. -The Christchurch Press
    Great Feuds in technology is extraordinary heritage, because the reader learns how scientists needed to struggle with spiritual leaders and different scientists to get their paintings well-known, authorized, or even get the credits for it! -Bookviews

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  • Download E-books Idea Makers: Personal Perspectives on the Lives & Ideas of Some Notable People PDF

    By Stephen Wolfram

    This ebook of completely attractive essays from one among ultra-modern so much prodigious innovators offers a uniquely own viewpoint at the lives and achievements of a range of exciting figures from the heritage of technology and know-how. Weaving jointly his immersive curiosity in humans and background with insights accrued from his personal reviews, Stephen Wolfram offers an ennobling examine the various contributors whose principles and creations have contributed to shaping our international this present day. From his reminiscences approximately operating with Richard Feynman to his insights approximately how Alan Turing's paintings has unleashed generations of innovation to the real function of Ada Lovelace within the historical past of computing, Wolfram takes the reader into the minds and lives of serious thinkers and creators of the earlier few centuries and indicates how nice achievements can come up from dramatically various personalities and existence trajectories.

    Contents:

    Preface
    Richard Feynman
    Kurt Gödel
    Alan Turing
    John von Neumann
    George Boole
    Ada Lovelace
    Gottfried Leibniz
    Benoit Mandelbrot
    Steve Jobs
    Marvin Minsky
    Russell Towle
    Bertrand Russell
    Alfred Whitehead
    Richard Crandall
    Srinivasa Ramanujan
    Solomon Golomb

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  • Download E-books Grove Karl Gilbert, a Great Engine of Research PDF

    By Stephen J. Pyne

    As Stephen Pyne unearths in his biography, few different scientists can fit Grove Karl Gilbert’s diversity of abilities. A leading explorer of the yank West who made significant contributions to the cascade of recent discoveries concerning the earth, Gilbert defined novel kinds of mountain development, invented the idea that of the graded flow, inaugurated smooth theories of lunar foundation, helped discovered the technology of geomorphology, and additional to the canon of conservation literature.
        Gilbert knew such a lot of geology's grand figures--including John Wesley Powell, Clarence Dutton,  and Clarence King--and Pyne's chronicle of the imperturbable, quietly unconventional Gilbert is couterpointed with sketches of those well known scientists. the fellow who wrote that "happiness is sitting below a tent with partitions uplifted, simply after a quick shower,", created solutions to the bigger questions of the earth in ways in which became classics of his science.

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  • Download E-books Greek Science of the Hellenistic Era: A Sourcebook (Routledge Sourcebooks for the Ancient World) PDF

    By Georgia L. Irby-Massie

    All of us are looking to comprehend the realm round us, and the traditional Greeks have been the 1st to aim and accomplish that in a manner we will be able to competently name medical. Their inspiration and writings laid the basic foundations for the revivals of technology in medieval Baghdad and renaissance Europe. Now their paintings is offered to all, with this worthy advent to c.100 clinical authors lively from 320 BCE to 230 CE.
    The e-book starts with an summary of a brand new socio-political version for the improvement and decline of Greek technological know-how, via 11 chapters that disguise the most disciplines:
    * the technological know-how which the Greeks observed as basic - mathematics
    * astronomy
    * astrology and geography
    * mechanics
    * optics and pneumatics
    * the non-mathematical sciences of alchemy, biology, medication and 'psychology'.
    Each bankruptcy comprises an available advent at the origins and improvement of the subject in query, and the entire authors are set in context with short biographies.

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  • Download E-books Chandra: A Biography of S. Chandrasekhar (Centennial Publications of The University of Chicago Press) PDF

    Chandra is an intimate portrait of a hugely inner most and remarkable guy, Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, a Nobel laureate in physics who has been an immense contributor to the theories of white dwarfs and black holes.

    "Wali has given us an impressive portrait of Chandra, energetic and colour, with a deep knowing of the 3 cultures—Indian, British, and American—in which Chandra used to be successively immersed. . . . I want I had the task of reviewing this e-book for the New York Times instead of for Physics Today. If the ebook is barely learn via physicists, then Wali's committed labors have been in vain."—Freeman Dyson, Physics Today

    "An captivating human document."—William McCrea, Times greater schooling Supplement

    "A dramatic, exuberant biography of 1 of the century's nice scientists."—Publishers Weekly

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  • Download E-books Philosophical Perspectives on Newtonian Science (Studies from the Johns Hopkins Center for the History & Philosophy of Science) PDF

    These unique essays discover the philosophical implications of Newton's paintings. They deal with a variety of themes together with Newton's effect on his contemporaries and successors corresponding to Locke and Kant, and his perspectives at the technique of technology, on absolute house and time, and at the Deity.Howard Stein compares Newton's refusal to fasten traditional philosophy right into a preexisting process with the extra inflexible philosophical predilections of his near-contemporaries Christian Huygens and John Locke. Richard Arthur's statement offers an invaluable gloss on Stein's essay. Lawrence Sklar puzzles over Newton's makes an attempt to supply a unified therapy of some of the "real quantities": absolute house, time, and movement. in accordance with Phillip Bricker's responding essay, notwithstanding, the differences Sklar attracts don't visit the guts of the talk among realists and representationalists.J. E. McGuire and John Carriero debate Newtons perspectives of the courting among the Deity and the character of time and house. Peter Achinstein seems to be on the rigidity among Newton's methodological perspectives and his advocacy of a corpuscular idea of sunshine; he means that Newton may justify the latter by way of a "weak" inductive inference, yet R.I.G. Hughes believes that this inference comprises an induction Newton will be unwilling to make. Immanuel Kant's critique of Newton's view of gravity is mentioned and amplified through Michael Friedman In reaction, Robert DiSalle increases a couple of difficulties for Friedman's research. Errol Harris and Philip Grier expand the dialogue to the current day and consider the moral implications of Newton's work.Phillip Bricker is affiliate Professor of Philosophy on the collage of Massachusetts at Amherst. R.I.G. Hughes is affiliate Professor of Philosophy on the collage of South Carolina. Philosophical views on Newtonian technology is incorporated within the Johns Hopkins sequence at the background and Philosophy of Science.

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  • Download E-books The Common Thread: A Story of Science, Politics, Ethics and the Human Genome PDF

    By John Sulston, Georgina Ferry

    The global used to be agog whilst scientists made the miraculous declaration they'd effectively sequenced the human genome. Few contributed so on to this feat as John Sulston. this is often his own account of 1 of the biggest foreign clinical operations ever undertaken.

    It was once a momentous celebration whilst British scientist John Sulston launched into the best clinical activity of our instances: the sequencing of the Human Genome. In The universal Thread, Sulston takes us behind the curtain for an in-depth examine the arguable tale at the back of the headlines. The accomplishments and the setbacksâ€"along with the politics, personalities, and ethicsâ€"that formed the study are frankly explored via a principal determine key to the project.

    From the start, Sulston fervently proclaimed his trust within the loose and open alternate of the clinical info that will emerge from the undertaking. Guided via those ideas, The Human Genome venture was once dependent in order that the entire findings have been public, encouraging an exceptional foreign collaboration between scientists and researchers.

    Then, in may well 1998, Craig Venter introduced that he used to be quitting the Human Genome Projectâ€"with plans to go up a advertisement enterprise introduced to convey out the entire series 3 years accordingly, yet advertised in a proprietary database. Venter’s intentions, sincerely anathema to Sulston and the worldwide community of scientists engaged on the undertaking, marked the start of a dramatic fight to maintain the human genome within the public domain.

    greater than the tale of human wellbeing and fitness as opposed to company wealth, this can be an exploration of the very nature of a systematic quest for discovery. Infused with Sulston’s personal enthusiasm and pleasure, the story unfolds to bare the scientists who painstakingly flip the major that might liberate the riddle of the human genome. we're aware of the enjoyment and enthusiasm of good fortune in addition to the stark disappointments posed through inevitable disasters. it truly is actually a wild and lovely ride.

    The universal Thread is straight away a compelling historical past and an impassioned demand moral accountability in clinical learn. because the barriers among technological know-how and large enterprise more and more blur, and researchers race to patent scientific discoveries, the overseas group must discover a universal protocol for the safety of the broader human curiosity. This awesome firm is a glimpse of our shared human historical past, delivering desire for destiny learn and a clean outlook on our figuring out of ourselves.

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