• Semantics
  • Download E-books Linguistic Semantics: An Introduction (Cambridge Approaches to Linguistics) PDF

    By John Lyons

    Linguistic Semantics: An creation is the successor to Sir John Lyons' vital textbook Language, that means and Context (1981). whereas conserving the final constitution of the sooner publication, the writer has considerably improved its scope to introduce a number of subject matters that weren't formerly mentioned, and to take account of recent advancements in linguistic semantics during the last decade. The ensuing paintings is a useful consultant to the topic, delivering clarifications of its really good phrases and explaining its dating to formal and philosophical and to modern semantics and pragmatics. With its transparent and obtainable kind it's going to entice a large pupil readership. Sir John Lyons is likely one of the most crucial and across the world popular individuals to the research of linguistics. His many courses contain his advent to Theoretical Linguistics (1968) and Semantics (1977).

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  • Semantics
  • Download E-books Constraints on Numerical Expressions (Oxford Studies in Semantics and Pragmatics) PDF

    By Chris Cummins

    This booklet considers how expressions regarding quantity are utilized by audio system and understood by way of hearers. A speaker's collection of expression could be a advanced challenge even in fairly simple-looking domain names. in terms of numerical expressions, there are usually many decisions that may be semantically applicable: for example, if 'more than two hundred' is correct, then so is 'more than 199', 'more than 150', and 'more than 100', between others. A speaker doesn't choose from those concepts arbitrarily but additionally doesn't always stick with any easy rule. The hearer is not only in what has been stated but in addition in any more inferences that may be drawn.

    Chris Cummins bargains a suite of standards that separately impression the speaker's collection of expression. the method of selecting what to assert is then handled as an issue of a number of constraint pride. This technique allows a number of diverse issues, drawn from ideas of semantics, philosophy, psycholinguistics and the psychology of quantity, concurrently to be built-in inside of a unmarried coherent account. This constraint-based version bargains novel predictions approximately utilization and interpretation which are borne out experimentally and in corpus study. It additionally explains tricky facts in numerical quantification that experience formerly been dealt with via extra stipulative ability, and provides a possible line of assault for addressing the matter of the speaker's selection in additional normal linguistic environments.

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  • Semantics
  • Download E-books Aspectual Inquiries (Studies in Natural Language and Linguistic Theory) PDF

    The learn of the linguistic reflexes of element has been an lively box of analysis in a variety of sub-disciplines of linguistics, reminiscent of syntax, semantics (including discourse idea) and acquisition reports. although, communique and dissemination of effects throughout those a number of subfields has usually been oblique. the various angles introduced jointly provide us a complete photograph of the illustration of point within the mind/brain of the speaker.

    The papers during this quantity characterize the result of a workshop at the syntax, semantics and acquisition of element held in 2002 whose function was once to foment lively cross-disciplinary communique. the various papers study the syntactic illustration of lexical or scenario point, whereas others concentrate on the syntactic interplay of lexical point with grammatical element, and of grammatical point and stressful. different papers study the function of point in discourse representations, whereas a 3rd workforce of papers stories on result of empirical stories at the acquisition of point in either first and moment language acquisition, and styles of lack of morphosyntactic reflexes of element in language attrition.

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  • Semantics
  • Download E-books Cognitive and Pragmatic Aspects of Speech Actions (Lodz Studies in Language) PDF

    This quantity comprises papers which mirror present discussions within the research of speech activities. the gathering used to be encouraged through the papers awarded at Meaning, Context and Cognition, the 1st overseas convention integrating cognitive linguistics and pragmatics initiated by way of the dep. of English Language and utilized Linguistics of the college of Łódź (Poland) in 2011 and held every year. The inevitably heterogeneous box of analysis into speech activities is approached via the members from quite a few views and with concentrate on varieties of facts. The papers were grouped into 4 sections which in this case emphasise theoretical linguistics matters, lexical pragmatics, speech act-theoretic difficulties, and cognitive procedures.

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  • Semantics
  • Download E-books Introduction to Montague Semantics (Synthese Language Library) PDF

    By David R. Dowty, Stanley Peters

    During this ebook we are hoping to acquaint the reader with the basics of fact­ conditional model-theoretic semantics, and specifically with a model of this built via Richard Montague in a sequence of papers released throughout the 1960's and early 1970's. in lots of methods the paper 'The right remedy of Quantification in usual English' (commonly abbreviated PTQ) represents the end result of Montague's efforts to use the thoughts constructed inside mathematical good judgment to the semantics of average languages, and certainly it's the method defined there that folks ordinarily take into account once they check with "Montague Grammar". (We favor the time period "Montague Semantics" inasmuch as a grammar, as conceived of in present linguistics, could comprise at the least a phonological part, a morphological part, and different subsystems that are both missing solely or current basically in a really rudi­ mentary country within the PTQ approach. ) Montague's paintings has attracted expanding cognizance lately between linguists and philosophers because it bargains the desire that semantics should be characterised with an identical formal rigor and explicitness that transformational techniques have delivered to syntax. even if this desire could be totally discovered continues to be visible, however it is obvious still that Montague semantics has already proven itself as a efficient para­ digm, resulting in new parts of inquiry and suggesting new methods of conceiving of theories of ordinary language. regrettably, Montague's papers are tersely written and extremely tricky to persist with until one has a substantial history in logical semantics.

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  • Semantics
  • Download E-books The Continuum Companion to Historical Linguistics (Bloomsbury Companions) PDF

    Originally released because the Continuum significant other to historic Linguistics, this booklet brings jointly a couple of top students who offer a mix of alternative methods to present and new concerns in old linguistics, whereas offering an exhaustive and updated assurance of sub-fields frequently considered as crucial to ancient linguistics examine. The editors target to construct an exceptional heritage for extra dialogue and to point instructions for brand spanking new study on appropriate open questions.

    The e-book comprises insurance of key phrases, a listing of assets, and sections on:

    • heritage of research

    • methodology

    • phonology

    • morphology

    • grammatical categories

    • syntax

    • grammaticalization

    • semantics

    • etymology

    • language contact

    • sociolinguistics

    • explanations of language change

    It is a whole source for researchers engaged on historic linguistics.

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  • Semantics
  • Download E-books Bantu Historical Linguistics: Theoretical and Empirical Perspectives (Center for the Study of Language and Information - Lecture Notes) PDF

    This assortment brings jointly many of the world's major Bantuists, in addition to essentially the most promising more youthful students attracted to the historical past, comparability, and outline of Bantu languages. The Bantu languages, numbering as many as 500, were on the heart of state of the art theoretical learn in phonology, morphology, syntax and semantics. along with the problems of category and inner sub-grouping, this quantity treats ancient and comparative points of the various major typological gains for which this language crew is understood: vowel top concord, noun sessions, intricate tense-aspect platforms, and so on. the result's a compilation that offers the main updated figuring out of those and different concerns that may be of curiosity not just to Bantuists and ancient linguists, but in addition to these attracted to the phonological, morphological and semantic matters bobbing up inside those hugely agglutinative Bantu languages.

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  • Semantics
  • Download E-books Corpus Stylistics in Principles and Practice: A Stylistic Exploration of John Fowles' The Magus (Advances in Stylistics) PDF

    By Yufang Ho

    In this e-book, Yufang Ho compares the textual content type distinction among the 2 models of John Fowles' The Magus, exemplifying the methodological ideas and analytic practices of the corpus stylistic approach.

    The Magus was first released in 1966 and used to be revised and republished by means of Fowles in 1977. Fowles' personal touch upon the second one version was once that it was once 'rather greater than a stylistic revision.' The publication explores how the revised model is linguistically diverse from the unique, particularly when it comes to viewpoint (re) illustration. The corpus stylistic technique followed combines qualitative and quantitative comparability to verify the final textual content kind distinction. The research demonstrates that desktop assisted tools can establish major linguistic positive factors which literary critics haven't spotted and supply a extra unique descriptive foundation for literary interpretation of (either variation) of the radical. This research of The Magus serves as a case learn and exemplar of the way corpus suggestions can be used mostly within the examine of linguistics.

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